Basic Fundamental Rights

Here some basic rights:

1) Freedom of movement without permits or controls for citizens;

2) Freedom from confiscation of private property;

3) Freedom of expression speech and the press;

4) Freedom from unreasonable search and seizure;

5) Freedom from arbitrary arrest, delays of justice and judgment with a trial by jury;

6) Freedom to defend one self with arms;

7) Freedom to discriminate between people you wish to associate or do business with;

8) Freedom to engage in any activity not violating the fundamental rights of others;

9) Freedom of ownership and control of private property;

10) Freedom from redistribution of income by government via confiscatory taxation;

11) Freedom to contract freely with other willing parties without government regulation or licensing; and

12) Freedom to choose how to medically care for yourself and family.

Abu Hureyra, Syria + archaeological evidence for domestication

In 1963, despite fact project would eventually flood dozens of modern villages and ancient sites. The government of Syrian Arab Republic, decided to create dams on upper Euphrates river. Culminating a series of excavation and archaeological rescue operations. Among them, an extraordinary neolithic site. Abu Hureyra.
In a short span of less than 35 years. They gathered more information about the human being transition to agriculture, then anywhere previously; with more details. Using + setting the standard for new techniques, and with less time.

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Neolithic Architecture Daub: Obermeilen, and Robenhausen sites; Zurichsee, Bodensee, Wauwilwemoos lakes, Switzerland

During 1853-54, prolonged drought cause water in alpine lakes to drop 1 foot below lowest recorded levels.
In winter 54’, men began to begin a “land reclamation project.”

They uncovered a lake village.
First of hundreds in alpine Europe.

An enormous amount of building material preserved: remnants of wooden frames, plank floors, wattle and white walls, with thatched roofs.

So much, that dendrochronology, (tree ring dating), provided year by year site histories, firmly identifying the earliest villages on Zurichsee , Bodensee, Wauwilwemoos lakes (more than 5000 years old).

Neolithic villagers, continued to live by the lakes for the next 3 millennia. In fact, the preserved material remains two cultural transitions: from seasonal foraging, to sedentary agriculture, and from stone tools to the use of bronze.

Preservation of organic material from these settlements was extraordinary. Artifacts from almost every aspect of everyday life in Neolithic Europe survived. The lake dwellers relied heavily on wood. Besides using it for there houses, and dugout canoes, they made wooden bowls, spoons, and ladels, chisels, hooks, and knife handles; bows and clubs; and, loom parts. They also used animal bones, teeth, tusks and antlers, to make beds needles, pins, awls, chisels, saws, arrowheads, handles for stone axes, and at least one fish hook. They made chipped and ground stone tools, and at some sites, they made pottery.

The list of plant remains gives some idea of the wealth of remains from these sites. List of plants include: wheat, barley, millet; peas, apples, pears, plums, sloes, raspberries, blackberries, and strawberries; dog rose, elder and bilberry; and, caraway seeds, beech nuts, hickory nuts and water chestnuts; Even fava beans, which the villagers may have grown. Rarely preserved on European sites, providing particularly interesting cultural information. Flax and opium poppies were also found at the sites.

Did you know 3/4 of weight of poppy seed is its oil, and that besides its use in bread, and pain relief, raw oil can be used to burn in lamps.

Neolithic Architecture: Kimmswick Bone Bed, Jefferson County Missouri

Neolithic Site 32km SW of St. Louis. In upper Mississippi valley, 2.5km west of Mississippi River, at confluence of 4 North American drainage basins (upper Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, and Tennessee rivers). Where 30% of American contiguous land mass is drained.
Mastodon remains were identified, including butchering and human presence.
Laurentide ice sheet appears to have reach its max about 350km to east. By time of occupation (estimate, early neolithic), glacier tied 800km north (present day upper Great Lakes basin). The site was probably situated in mixed deciduous (oak, hickory) forest, mixed with prairie grasses. 127meters above sea level. The sites axis is oriented southwest to northwest, 2300 square meters. There is a 20m high limestone bluff in the north. With unobstructed views of the Mississippi River south east, and rock creek valleys to the south and west.
Founded by French/Creole fur trader, and St. Louis co-founder Pierre Chouteu in 1790s. The earliest known excevations were in 1839, by Albert Koch. Who recovered a American Mastodon (mammut americanum) for display at his St. Louis museum. Numerous others began excavation including businessmen who opened a museum at the site around 1900. And, Smithsonium archaeologists who couldn’t declare what was cultural remains, and introduced there after. Modern era of professional investigation began in 1970s, when government bought, in preparation to convert the mastodon state historic site.
7 discrete strata were identified including extinct and entact large mammals: mastodon, long nosed peccary and Harlans ground sloth. Numerous species of small vertebrates, and a large fire pit with Harlans ground sloth.
Though relatively few artifacts were recovered, apart from mastodon, presence of diverse abundant animal species,(white tail, fish, amphibians, reptiles (turtles, birds, small mammals), suggests site was adaptable to environmental conditions.

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Many people claimed to analyze stainless steel first. Here are some of the facts:


-Discovery of chromium was in 1797 by Louis Nicholas Vauquelin;
-Development of ferrochromium was by Pierre Berthier in 1821. Though it was was weak. With high carbon content. Productions mostly failed;
-A provisional British patent was obtained for an “acid- and weather-resistant” steel alloy with ~31% chromium in 1872. Patent was never filed;
-Hans Goldschmidt developed a method for producing better low-carbon ferrochromium in 1895;
-Henri Moisson, may have developed stronger Ferrochromium, in 1895 but it was never published;
-A. Carnot and E. Goutal did report that high carbon contents reduce corrosion resistance of chromium-added steel in 1898; and
-Nearly 10 years later, Leon Guillet was sometimes credited with the development of stainless steels. He published papers starting in 1904 where he analyzed the mechanical properties for high chromium steels.

After this, one person, became popular. Harry Brearley, who was an employee of Firth Brown Research Laboratories, was credited with industrial use of stainless steel,
“Nobody was impressed; perhaps the idea of producing on a commercial scale a steel which would not corrode sounded ridiculous.”

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What’s Progress?

In the hapless decade of the 1990s, a public affairs professor from the University of Maryland penned a simple two-page manifesto explaining what progressive ideology is and, more importantly, what it is not.
This effort on the part of Mr. Peter Brown was meant to clear away some of the increasing confusion surrounding progressivism, and to quell the radical nihilism which had already begun to appear at that time. “I think,” Brown wrote, “that we are losing sight of what it means to be a progressive.”
Brown lamented the fact that progressive ideology seemed to have become “compatible with virtually everything” and that was a problem because if progress became all things to all people, it would “lead to a lack of focus.” So in 1998, Brown was trying to herd his chaotic and unruly progressives back onto point. Progress, as rationally defined by Brown, meant consistent improvement in six clearly defined areas. He advocated for a reduction of disease, violence, famine, and malnutrition, as well as the elimination of unjustified taxes and political corruption.
Many people who do not even consider themselves progressive would, in Brown’s estimation of it, rethink their position, and that is especially true when he explains what progressives are not. Brown argued that progressives do not believe that the free-market system is evil; they do not believe in central planning or socialism; they do not believe in the nationalization of industry; and most importantly, real progressives “do not believe in a final victory.”
Brown underlines this last point. He explains that the overall progressive goal “is not a state to be achieved but a continual process of reconstruction and vigilance.” Brown tries to disillusion the more utopian progressives when he explains that “we expect neither a plateau nor a panacea.”
In other words, Brown was suggesting that, contrary to what most progressives believed at that time—and still believe with even more fervor today—there will be no final victory; no desirable state of affairs at “the end” of history. Progressivism, he was compelled to remind them, is not concerned with the final perfection of Mankind, and he wrote that mostly because his fellow progressives did believe that.

Biography:
Brown, Peter A. “A progressive manifesto.” The Good society, vol 8, no 1, winter 1998 page 64 65

Progress: Pro- Gress (mass noun, or verb (no object))

Peter Brown, University of Maryland, 1990 Progress:
reduction of disease, violence, famine, and malnutrition, as well as the elimination of unjustified taxes and political corruption.

and, that, post 1990s, Progressive ideology seemed to have become “compatible with virtually everything” and that was a problem because if progress became all things to all people, it would “lead to a lack of focus.”