The neolithic revolution, was also called the pottery, agricultural, farming, ranching, art, tool making and building revolution. It was amazing. Scientists believed the earth entered a warming trend around 14,000 years ago. And, wild grains begin to grow more rapidly. Neolithic humans, who used stone tools like earlier ancestors. Were then able to farm, produce food, and eat better. And, during this, develop new techniques. Like pottery kilns, ovens; artwork; and, build proper houses with foundations. It marked a great transition in human history from small, nomadic bands to larger, more powerful agricultural settlements. It was when early human civilizations got better.
Believed to start out around 12,000 years ago, in the Fertile Crescent. This area was a boomerang-shaped region of the Middle East. Humans found the grains, harvested them, and built the more advanced ovens and pottery. To first progress farming. Shortly after these dates and periods. Humans in other parts of the world, were practicing agriculture. The neolithic age was one of the greatest stages of the planet. As, civilizations grew, places grew, and out of it came some of the greatest innovations, people and cultural practices. Here are 8:
1 Possible beginnings: To begin with, the influx of wild grains, as well as, the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, allowed easments in agriculture. According to researcher Gordon Childe, the Fertile Crescent, was evidence of one, or one of the main starting points of the neolithic revolution. In 1935, he claimed, that around 12,000 years ago, humans changed. We begin cultivating plants, breeding animals (and ranching), for food and permanent settlements. History tells us too. We went from small, nomadic groups to larger, agricultural settlements that formed early civilizations. Around 10,000 BC in the Fertile Crescent, a boomerang-shaped region of the Middle East. Humans started a new era. This region covered a area of Egypt from the Nile Valley (Africa) to Mesopotamia. Between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (Asia). Between the periods of 12000 and 10000 years ago. (pic) The ‘fertile crescent’, bounded on the west by the Mediterranean Sea and on the east by the Persian Gulf. Was where wild wheat and barley began to grow. And, pre-Neolithic people called Natufians begin taking what they could from the region, and building permanent homes.
Did you know? Some of the earliest evidence of farming comes from the archaeological site of Tell Abu Hureyra, a small village located along the Euphrates River in modern Syria. The village was inhabited from roughly 11,500 to 7,000 BC. Inhabitants of Tell Abu Hureyra initially hunted gazelle and other game. Around 9,700 BC, it was found that they began to harvest wild grains. Several large stone tools for grinding grain have been found at the site.
2 Agriculture: The cultivation of cereals gained relevance, especially rye, wheat and barley. It is believed, however, that they were not the first species to be cultivated. Legumes date to more ancient cultivations, and also fruit trees in Asia, and other continents. The use of ferments and yeasts, responsible for making bread, dairy products and, consequently, alcoholic beverages became popular during the neolithic era. Neolithic farmers selected food and crops that grew and harvested easily. And, when the climate continually kept warming. Around 14,000 years ago, the grains and beverages became more readily available. For example, wild wheat falls to the ground and shatters when it is ripe. Early humans noticed this, begin harvesting making bread and porridge. Shortly after this same time, it is believed Asiatics started to harvest rice and millet more easily too. Even, after this, around 9000 years ago, in Mexico, squash cultivation began, and maize-like crops were emerging. There was no single factor that would have led humans to begin farming plants, grains. Though, climate change probably helped. The causes of the Neolithic revolution and agriculture varied from region to region.
3 Ranching: Along time ago, the first animal to enter the human habitat was the dog. Not long after, the pig occupied a leading place in livestock too. And, the neolithic revolutions domestication of animals continued. Sheep, cattle and goats wee bread. It constituted a fundamental pillar in the natural production of what you see today. In Central Asia, domestication of horses, as well as water buffalo and yak occurred. Poultry and birds were domesticated. Cats. There is information on insects, even being domesticated. For example, as beekeeping, sericulture, and/or as fishing bait(s). When the became too much, and as commercializations and trade increased, draft animals like oxen, donkeys and camels appeared. Though it was later, around 6 or 8000 years ago.
4 Invention of textiles: While being pre-supported by knowledge of animal cultivation, archeologists discovered many garments made from linen, wool and animal fur. It is in the neolithic revolution when looms were created, and the first tools were used to weave and sew.
5 Reduction of lithic elements (stone work): Which allowed greater strength and standardized production methods to create more tools. For example, arrowheads, spears, knives, fishing hooks, axes, cutting and grinding stones, were all perfected during the neolithic revolution.
6 Creation of ceramics: During the Neolithic revolution, the reduction of lime, and blast furnaces were invented. Pottery, artistically decorated pottery and ceramic pottery became widely available.
7 A special relationship with others, and the land began: The cycle of life and death, fertility; including animistics, religion, and writing started and was developed during the neolithic era. Homes, and families begin sharing private living spaces. One example is 9500 years ago in Çatalhöyük, in Anatolia (modern day Turkey). It was when some of the earliest mud brick buildings and villages are found preserved. The homes were clustered in such a small areas, kind of like metropolitans nowadays. Houses were built so close together, they had roof top entries (pic). Almost 10,000 years ago, it is estimated as many as 8000 people lived here. Perhaps being one of the earliest relationships humans, and communities had with the land. See Also: Jericho (link).
8 Emergence of private property: The work of farmers, agriculture; reduction, blast, art and pottery; and, building of homes. Requires a lot of effort and time. It makes sense the premises during these times, private properties and its protection laws begun.
Supported by pottery, agricultural, farming, ranching, art, tool making and building. The neolithic revolution turned the key into establishing permanent settlements. They begin having larger family sizes and a community. Alternatively, though, it secured the way for the innovations such as metallurgy. And, in the copper and bronze age. When metal smithing begin. It wasn’t enough for people. Wars and art swept the way. Though, included with that, through commercializations, trade, and conquests. Was reminiscent of a magnificent revolution. Lets hear it for the neolithic age. Most say, one of the greatest periods Earth will ever see.
The Development of Agriculture; National Geographic.
The Seeds of Civilization; Smithsonian Magazine.
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