Qadan culture existed in Egypt’s Nubian region during the late Paleolithic period, prehistorically. Around 15,000 to 10,000 years ago

Qadan way of life is estimated to have persisted for quite some time. It was characterized by hunting, as well as a unique approach to food gathering. It incorporated preparation and consumption of wild grasses and grains. As well as, proto-neolithic life methods of fishing, and arts, along the Nile river in Africa.

Sites from this period span from the Second Cataract of the Nile to Tushka, situated approximately 250 kilometers upriver from Aswan.

The Qadan culture is one of several prehistoric cultures that developed in the Nile Valley and played a significant role in shape shifting early Egyptian history. There were known for there distinctive stone tool assemblages, which were used for hunting and gathering activities. The people of the Qadan culture were likely semi-nomadic, moving seasonally to take advantage of different food resources.

At a time of significantly high water levels in the Nile. Qadan life was characterized by a diverse lithics industry. That is taken to represent increasing degrees of specialization and locally differentiated regional groupings. Fishing hooks and lithic projectiles are included. As well as, large numbers of grinding stones and blades are found. With glossy films of silica on them. It could have been the result of cutting grass or plant stems on their surfaces. Systematic efforts were made by the Qadan people to water, care for, and harvest plant life. And, of course they were going for the big catches and harvests.

Archaeological evidence suggests that the Qadan culture had a complex social structure and likely engaged in trade and exchange with neighboring cultures. They also had a rich artistic tradition, as shown by rock art and engravings in the region.

Perhaps after a big catch or harvest someone became upset. There is evidence of conflict in Qadan culture. Many of the people buried in Jebel Sahara cemetery. Near the Sudan border. Have signs of fatal wounds from weapons such as spears, darts or arrows. This is upsetting but may have been a part of defending there culture.

The Qadan economy was based on fishing, hunting, and, as mentioned, the extensive use of wild grain and lithics. Lets hear it for another proto-neolithic (link) culture that made and formulated many thoughts and ideas for thousands of years to come.


Phillipson, DW: African Archaeology page 149. Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Shaw, I & Jameson, R: A Dictionary of Archaeology, page 136. Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 2002.

Darvill, T: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology, Copyright © 2002, 2003 by Oxford University Press.

Facts On File, Incorporated (2009). Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East. Infobase Publishing. p. 777.

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