Mehrgarh is an archaeological site located in the Balochistan province of Pakistan, near the Bolan Pass. It is considered to be one of the oldest human settlements in the world, dating back to the Neolithic era (7000 BCE). Excavations at Mehrgarh have revealed evidence of an agricultural society with a system of irrigation, domesticated animals, pottery, and sophisticated tools. The site provides important insight into the development of human civilization and the transition from hunting and gathering to settled farming communities.
Bibliography: Jarrige, J. F. (1979). “Excavations at Mehrgarh-Pakistan”. In Johanna Engelberta Lohuizen-De Leeuw (ed.). South Asian archaeology 1975: papers from the third International Conference of the Association of South Asian Archaeologists in Western Europe, held in Paris. Brill. pp. 76–. ISBN978-90-04-05996-2. Retrieved Oct 2021
Jarrige J.F., Jarrige, C., Quivron, G., Wengler, L., Sarmiento-Castillo, D., Mehrgarh. The Neolithic Levels, Seasons 1997 – 2000