Stone circles are typically associated with the Neolithic period. Roughly beginning 10,000 years ago. They can also extend into the bronze age. Depending on the region.
They are found in various parts of the world. Most commonly associated with the British Isles, including England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland. They had also been found in Europe, Africa, SE Asia, and the Middle East.
They all had standing stones that were large
Primary components of these circles are large, upright stones, often referred to as megaliths. These stones are usually set into the ground, with some of them buried to varying depths to create a stable structure. The size and number of stones in a circle can vary widely from one site to another.
Stones are arranged in a circular or elliptical shape
Exact reasons for this shape remain a subject of debate. Though is widely believed, they had astronomical, religious, or ceremonial significance.
They had clear alignment with the positions of celestial objects
Rising or setting of the sun, moon, or specific stars. And, during certain times of the year. Tracking celestial events and marking dates in the agricultural calendar. Would have been important.
Stone circles would have had ritual and ceremonial significance. They may have been used for religious or spiritual gatherings, burial sites, and as markers for sacred or important locations.
Every region has its own different style of stone circles
Some associate with types of monuments, such as henges, or, circular earthworks. For example, in England, Stonehenge is one of the most famous Neolithic stone circles, known for its impressive trilithon structures.
Construction of stone circles represents a significant technological and cultural advancement during the Neolithic period. It was an evolution. With earlier versions consisting of smaller stones, and later ones featuring larger and more precisely aligned ones.
Humans will continue to research and debate stone circles. Their exact purposes and cultural significance can vary from site to site. One thing is for sure. They will always be important archaeological and cultural landmarks. Attracting visitors and researchers from around the world. Interested in learning about the lives and beliefs of ancient people.