Neolithic architecture tools

facsimiles

fire stone

clubs

chippers

olduvai stone chopping tool

birch bark box

termites and termite fishers

hand axe

axe

The first hand axes (also known as bifaces) are usually called Acheulean / Acheulian, named after the site of gravel quarries in the suburb of Saint-Acheul in Amiens, France. Acheulean stone tools are the products of Homo erectus, ancestor to modern humans. Not only are the Acheulean tools found over the largest area, but it is also the longest-running industry, lasting for over a million years until relatively recent times.

Swartkrans and Sterkfontein witchcraft

Splitter

arrow shaft smoothers

quartzcleaver

wooden digging stick

wooden spear, throwing devices

The pilum was a javelin used by the roman army. It was generally about 2 meters, well over 6 feet in length overall, about the same as the spear shown here, and weighted anywhere from 2 to 5kg (4.5-11lbs). The spear shown here would have been lighter than the roman pilum, which had a heavy iron tip and shank attached to a wooden shaft and which had a max range of approximately 33meters (100ft), although the effective accurate range was more like 15-20m (50-70 feet). This is certainly a good enough range for hunting, just as it was bringing down apposing soldiers for the roman army.

hammer stone

spear end

backed knife

Racloir

Magdalenian, Eyserheide witchcraft

Bone saw/pointer

points (and dates)

mallets

small bone points

scrapers

blade

arrowhead

screw thread corks stopper ivory helix bone shell

harpoon

dagger

sickel

awl

needle

fishnet

fish hook

bow

pendulum saw

chisel


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1 Comment

  1. annabelsmith1991 says:

    What has switching from these tools done to our biology?