The Mal’ta–Buret’ culture is a paleolithic archaeological culture. West of the giant lake of Baikal. And, upper Angara River. It is named for the area, some of the finds and relationships that may have existed.
MA-1 boy or MA1 boy, and his own unique lineage
Near the village of Mal’ta, some 160 km northwest of the lake. In the 1920’s a boy was found. Dated to around 24,000 years ago. The boy belonged to the Eurasian Steppe. According to research. MA1 belonged to the genetic ancestors of Siberians, American Indians, Bronze Age Yamnaya and Botai. Russian archaeologist Mikhail Geasimov was one of the first to study the Upper Paleolithic societies here. And, of Northern Asia. At the time, in 1927, not much was known. He contributed and accounted for much in the region, including studies of the MA1 boy, and more.
Habitation and tools
Although our planet was cooler back then. The area around Mal’ta-Buret’, in winter, would have been cold. Mal’ta consisted of semi-subterranean houses. And, people were different. Many used large animal bones to build huts and there homes. Woolly mammoth, rhino, reindeer, and others were included. They were used to assemble walls, even roofs. It protected inhabitants from the sometimes harsh cold elements of the Siberian climate. Scared off other predators. And, it was probably entertaining. The site was unique to the region. It is still being studied.
There were bird and human female figurines finds at Mal’ta-Buret. Check these females out. Some are sometimes referred to as “venus figurines”. They are a little more detailed then similar ones found in Europe.
In addition to the female statuettes (around 30 have been found). There are bird sculptures depicting swans, geese, and ducks.
Some of the other engraved representations on slabs of mammoth tusk. Other figures are of actual mammoth (pictured). Recognizable easily by the trunk, tusks, and thick legs.
For the men, it was probably lucky to take a figurette with you when hunting. Or, leave one with your wife.
Take a look and you decide.
Flegontov, Pavel; Changmai, Piya; et al. (Feb 11, 2016). “Genomic study of the Ket: a Paleo-Eskimo-related ethnic group with significant ancient North Eurasian ancestry”
Schlesier, Karl H (2001). “More on the Venus Figurines”. Current Anthropology. 42 (3): 410–412. doi:10.1086/320478 (https://doi.org/10.1086%2F320478)