Located near the modern city of Brno at the base of Mount Děvín, Dolní Věstonice is at 550 metres (or 1,800 ft).

Spanning at least 27-20k years ago. Dolní Věstonice is an open-air site located along a stream. Its people hunted mammoths and other herd animals. It was known for saving mammoth and other bones that could be used to construct living spaces, and fence-like boundarys. In this way, the perimeter of the sites would be easily distinguishable. Outside logs, fuel; weapons, tools; supply and resources could be brought in safely.

This area, was one of the first, and best known, to provide rich deposits of archaeological evidence, regarding ice age people of Europe. It showed how people constructed huts of mammoth bones, log and timber, as well as technology art and burial practices.

In one of Dolní Věstonices huts, scientists discovered possibly the oldest clay kilns. It was dating to 28-24,000 years ago. This is truly is an epi-centre for pioneers of European and neolithic tradition.

The Venice of Dolní Věstonice became well known for generations because of its fertility or possibly as a female idol or goddessness. Many carved animal bones, including ivory were found. They depicted mammoth, rhinoceros, bear and lion. Even man and women carvings were found.

It had been suggested Dolní Věstonice and its figurenes had magical significance. Nowadays we see them as pieces of art, but to paleolithic and neolithic men/women. It was probably a lot more.

Bibliography: Jelínek, J., Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Evolution of Man, Prague: Hamlyn (1975).

Mittnik, Alissa; Wang, Chuan-Chao; Svoboda, Jiří; Krause, Johannes (2016). “A Molecular Approach to the Sexing of the Triple Burial at the Upper Paleolithic Site of Dolní Věstonice”. PLOS ONE. 11 (10): e0163019. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0163019. PMC5051676. PMID27706187.

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