Within the Lonetal Sites, in the Swabian Alb, near the city of Ulm. The Löwenmensch figurine, also called the Lion-man of Hohlenstein-Stade was found. It is amazing. Many pre-historic objects. Including Lion man were found in the area.
Stadel Cave, where the Lion Man was identified, is different. It faces north and does not get the sun
It is cold. The density of debris from human activities is much less than at other sites. It made sense as a good place to preserve the mammoth tusk carving.
From the entrance, the figurine lay. In a chamber almost 30 metres (98 ft) back
He was found in a dark inner chamber, carefully put away into dark. A cache of fox teeth and reindeer antlers were nearby.
Evidence suggest Stadel cave was a place people would come together. Share beliefs, common understanding and outlooks on the world. And, that it could be symbolised in rituals, art and sculpures.
The carving process
Removing and carving the mammoth tusk. Would have been a complex and time-consuming task. Skin and bone would have needed to been cut thru. And, the tusk, hammered and chiselled off. The tusk tip would have been even harder. Probably needing to be split and cut off. It was not known how long, or how many carvers were involved in the actual process. Recently, using stone tools, scientists conducted an experimental replication. It took around 400 hours.
It was found in 1939 and carbon dated between 35 and 41k years
Associating with the aurignacian culture of the upper paleolithic. It is one of the oldest-known examples of an artistic representation.
Many of the caves begin formal excavation by German historians around 1937
A couple years later. A week before the start of ww2. They were interrupted. The main ivory bone pieces of the sculpture were found. And, they had to wait until after the war.
30 years later, scientists went back. In the 1960s, they continued, finding and assembling greater than 200 additional fragments.
Realizing the figurine was only 2/3 complete
The back was damaged. Legs missing pieces. Ears, eyes, nose, and the back of the head were preserved. In 1987 an updated comprehensive restoration begin. Using a secret glue and silicone solution, the model was asphyxiated together.
In 2008, all layers were sifted systematically again
Even more minute fragments were discovered. And, using more modern technology. Simulated on a computer. In 2012 they took it apart, the new pieces were added, and fake ones taken out. And, it grew a couple more centimeters.
After the 2012–2013 restoration it was realized that the triangular platelet in the genital area was processed all around. And, that a fractured piece could be missing. Perhaps making male sex organ.
Similar but smaller lion-headed human figurine have been found
In Hohle Fels. There was similar finds. It could have been members from the same group. It has led some to believe aurignacians practiced a form of shamanism. What did you think?
French cave paintings show hybrid human bodied animal headed figurines
Such as sorcerer, or bison man from Grotte de Gabillou in Dordogne. Others believe the figure resembles a bear head with human body. Needless. The figure depicts and important symbolism of the body, and ancient civilizations.
After several reconstructions. It is 31.1cm (12.2 in); 5.6cm (2.2 in); and 5.9cm of 2.3 in thick.
It is currently displayed in the Museum Ulm, in the town of Ulm.
Bibliography: “Lion Man” (http://www.loewenmensch.de/lion_man.html). lowenmensch.de. Ulm, DE: Museum
Ulm. — museum official Lion-Man website with information about the figurine
“Discovery: 1939” (http://www.loewenmensch.de/entdeckung_1939.html). Löwenmensch: Entdeckung (in German). Ulm, DE: Museum Ulm.
“14C dating – The age of the lion man” (http://www.loewenmensch.de/figur_3.html).
loewenmensch.de (in German). Ulm, Germany: Museum Ulm.