A village is located on the northeastern coast of Bulgaria. Near Romania, along the Black Sea. Durankulak lake is prehistoric. Because of its location. And, the archaeological site on Golemija Ostrov (big island). 7000 years ago, Along with its neolithic history. The area is known for natural beauty. Like sandy beaches and coastal wetlands. As well, wildlife and birds.
Did you know: Durankulak or Дуранкулак was named for a taurus that knocked his hoof and gushed water. Surrounded the two isles in the lake. And, thus providing life and prosperity. Golden ornamentations of tauruses have even been found in the thracian tombs; roman burials; and, Varna Necropolis.
In the vicinity, several important archaeological sites have been discovered. Notably, the Durankulak Lake area. It is home to several settlements. The Durankulak complex, which dates back to around 4,000 BC. Provides an insight. On how people may have lived 6000 years ago. The Solnitsata, salt production site. Pottery manufacturing and distribution. Varna Necropolis , and gold and bronze age graves. All provide insight into history of the region and Europe.
Early evidence of Trade
Archaeological findings at Durankulak indicate that the inhabitants were engaged in long-distance trade and maintained contacts with neighboring regions and cultures. Artifacts such as obsidian tools, pottery, and ornaments from distant areas have been discovered.
The first long term inhabitants of neolithic life in the region were believed to be Hamangia culture. They had been dated to the middle of the 6th to the 5th millennium BC. They were small-scale cultivators that planted things. Built houses, and made pottery. And, they hunted and herded animals. In 4650 BC stone architecture became a characteristic phenomenon in the settlement. And, became unique in Europe.
The lake became a well organized support settlement for buildings. Each, having substantial size, with several rooms. Many had large posts in corners for support. Joined with wood or branches. And, covered in mud and clay. Probably laid out to plan a few generations in advance. For famalies, maintenance and extended livability. They were large, and rectangular. With narrow paths separating. Rooms were left intentional. And, most had stone bases. There are even caves and cisterns in the area to see.
From the 1970s. In the 30 something years of professional excavation. More than 1200 burials; and, 25 houses were discovered and carefully documented. Durankulak is one of the few monuments in Europe that show daily life, and early farming societies.
The Durankulak archaeology site is a place of importance. Due to the presence of a taurus. Legend has it. The bull knocked the Lake out. And, its surrounding wetlands. It is now recognized as a Ramsar wetland or international importance. Durankulak will continue to be an important destination for both neolithic and environmental enthusiasts.
Todorova, H. 2002a. Durankulak, Band II, die prähistorischen gräberfelder von Durankulak, Teil 1. Berlin-Sofia: Publ. House
Anubis. Todorova H. 2002b. Durankulak, Band II, die prähistorischen gräberfelder von Durankulak, Teil 2. Berlin-Sofia: Publ.
Wikipedia contributors. (2023). Durankulak (archaeological site). Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durankulak_(archaeological_site)