Located near the modern city of Brno at the base of Mount Děvín, Dolní Věstonice is at 550 metres (or 1,800 ft).

Spanning at least 27-20k years ago. Dolní Věstonice is an open-air site located along a stream. Its people hunted mammoths and other herd animals. It was known for saving mammoth and other bones that could be used to construct living spaces, and fence-like boundarys. In this way, the perimeter of the sites would be easily distinguishable. Outside logs, fuel; weapons, tools; supply and resources could be brought in safely.

This area, was one of the first, and best known, to provide rich deposits of archaeological evidence, regarding ice age people of Europe. It showed how people constructed huts of mammoth bones, log and timber, as well as technology art and burial practices.

In one of Dolní Věstonices huts, scientists discovered possibly the oldest clay kilns. It was dating to 28-24,000 years ago. This is truly is an epi-centre for pioneers of European and neolithic tradition.

The Venice of Dolní Věstonice became well known for generations because of its fertility or possibly as a female idol or goddessness. Many carved animal bones, including ivory were found. They depicted mammoth, rhinoceros, bear and lion. Even man and women carvings were found.

It had been suggested Dolní Věstonice and its figurenes had magical significance. Nowadays we see them as pieces of art, but to paleolithic and neolithic men/women. It was probably a lot more.

In SE Austria Gudenus cave is an archaeological site near city of Krems

It is known for its animal fossils and remains of paleolithic and neolithic cave men/women.
Human artifacts include flint tools, engraved reindeer bone, even a fragment of bone flute dated to 10-30,000 years before present.

The cave is 22m (72 feet) long; its width is 2-3 m; and it is situated 7.5m (or 25 ft) above the level of stream.
The site is close to river Danube.

Animal archaeologically speaking. Deposits have yielded Woolly mammoth, Woolly rhinoceros, Aurochs, Chamois, Reindeer, and Red deer.

That’s one heck of a shelter!


Did you know? The only thing humans have in common for more than 40,000 years is mining.

A piece of limestone with chert and flint fragments
flintknapping the small fragments
Thousands of year old flint or chert carving into the side of a limestone bluff in Texas USA

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About 23km north of Brno lies Kulna cave in the Czech Republic

A bunch of paleolithic, mesolithic and neolithic material has been found in and around Kulna cave. They say stone tools were found here from 120,000 years ago. And, included evidence of human presence. Pieces of skeleton dated to 50,000 years were even found in this cave.

Its believed the mammoth hunting culture, from around 25,000 years ago; and, reindeer and wild horse hunting culture between 13 and 10,000 years ago, may have originated from here.

Visit of Kulna cave is apart of sightseeing tours of the Sloup-sosuvka caves.

Largest flight capable birds in north America: aiolornis incrediblis

Discovered in Smith creek cave, white pine county, 34 miles north of Baker, Nevada in 1952.

Aiolus refers to the ‘greek god of the wind’, and ornis means “bird”. The specific name incredibilis means ‘incredible’.

Given the fragmentary nature of fossils. There can be many uncertainties about pre-neolithic birds. Based on there holotype bone pieces and bigger size, eventually enough aiolornis incrediblis data was collected. In 1999, along roadside in Murrieta, California more bone pieces were found. A near skeleton had been completed. The birds wingspan size was estimated to be 5 to 5.5 meters.

It is believed they existed early pliocene (zanclean) to late pleistocene. (Approximately 12000 years or so ago). The birds order also includes the extinct and existent New World vultures. Like modern turkey vultures and California condors.

Not much is known of the “god of wind, bird, incredible”, along with other species of bird that went extinct around the end of the racholabrean of the pleistocene 11,700 years ago. Many birds fossils were small. Although some probably share similarities with birds nowadays, like the vultures. The larger wing span truly make the aiolornis incredibilis incredible.

La brae is a well known compository of the neolithic bird 1158

Natufian culture is known for inventing beer, bread and art depicting a couple having sex

Natufians were the early epipaleolithic archaeology culture of the levant. Dating 15 to 10.5 thousand years ago. They are known for there sedentary, or semi sedentary lifestyle. They are associated with the invention and earliest finds of both beer and bread making.

Ain Sakhri lovers was also believed to be created by Natufians. It is the first art depiction of a couple having sex. Found in the Ain Sakhri cave in the Judean desert.

More than 90 Natufian sites have been excevated and identified. Including:

Aammiq 2
Tell Abu Hureyra
Abu Salem
Abu Usba
Ain Choaab
Ain Mallaha (Eynan)
Ain Rahub
Ain Sakhri
Ala Safat
Antelias Cave
Azraq 18 (Ain Saratan)
Bawwab al Ghazal
Dibsi Faraj
El Khiam
El Kowm I
El Wad
Erq el Ahmar
Fazael IV & VI
Gilgal II
Givat Hayil I
Har Harif K7
Hayonim Cave and Hayonim Terrace
Hilazon Tachtit
Hof Shahaf
Huzuq Musa
Iraq ed Dubb
Iraq el Barud
Iraq ez Zigan
Jayroud 1–3 & 9
Jebel Saaidé II
Kaus Kozah
Kefar Vitkin 3
Khallat Anaza (BDS 1407)
Khirbat Janba
Kosak Shamali
Maaleh Ramon East
Maaleh Ramon West
Moghr el Ahwal
Mushabi IV & XIX
Nachcharini Cave
Nahal Ein Gev II
Nahal Hadera I and Nahal Hadera IV
Nahal Oren
Nahal Sekher 23
Nahal Sekher VI
Nahr el Homr 2
Qarassa 3
Ramat Harif (G8)
Raqefet Cave
Rosh Horesha
Rosh Zin
Sabra 1
Salibiya 1
Salibiya 9
Sands of Beirut
Shluhat Harif
Shubayqa 1
Shubayqa 6
Shukhbah Cave
Shunera VI
Shunera VII
Tabaqa (WHS 895) [62]
TBAS 102
TBAS 212
Tor at Tariq (WHS 1065)
Tugra I
Upper Besor 6
Wadi Hammeh 27
Wadi Jilat 22
Wadi Judayid (J2)
Wadi Mataha
Yabrud 3
Yutil al Hasa (WHS 784)

Sources: Wikipedia, DDG and MFF,
Scientists dicover oldest evidence of bread” (https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-44846874); and,
‘13,000-year-old brewery discovered in Israel, the oldest in the world” (https://www.timesofisrael.com/13000-year-old-brewery-discovered-in-israel-the-oldest-in-the-world/). The Times of Israel. 12 September 2018 ; and
World’s oldest brewery’ found in cave in Israel, say researchers” (https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-45534133) Sept 2018.