Neolithic Architecture: Skara Brae

On the largest island, of Orkneys, in Scotland, are 10 homes made of earth dammed flagstone.
Included are stone hearths, beds, and cupboards and because of the preservation of earth dammed flagstone, It is still one of Europes most complete Neolithic villages. They even had stone sewers that took water to and from the ocean. How neolithicly complicated.

In 1850, causing damage and over 200 known deaths, a storm uncovered Skara Brae. Owners of the property discovered four houses but abandoned the project 18 years later. Eventually the site was raided by a group who took away unknown artifacts. In 1924, a storm swept away one of the houses, and finally in 1927, it was decided in that the University of Edinburgh must properly investigate this site.

The houses were similar to pit houses (sunk into mounds), with protection from rain. They were about 430 square feet, with stone hearths for heating and cooking. Given there remote location, it was not known what they burned (seaweed, driftwood, waste, peat, cattle, sheep, fishbones, anything they could find) Though comfy, it would have been hard to have more than 50 people there.

In 1972, the university determined the site was occupied from around 3200 BC to 2500 BC, they unearthed grains, ivory pins, killer whale teeth, walrus ivory, carving, body paints, neolithic weavings and more. There have been all kinds of theories about the people there.

Historical environment Scotlands, “Statement of Significance” for the site sums it up well and is:
The monuments at the heart of Neolithic Orkney and Skara Brae proclaim the triumphs of the human spirit in early ages and isolated places. They were approximately contemporary with the mastabas of the archaic period of Egypt (first and second dynasties), the brick temples of Sumeria, and the first cities of the Harappa culture in India, and a century or two earlier than the Golden Age of China. Unusually fine for their early date, and with a remarkably rich survival of evidence, these sites stand as a visible symbol of the achievements of early peoples away from the traditional centers of Civilizations.

Theories included of who lived at Skara Brae, are popular of magicians, and even a low wizards road to additional sites in southern England. Here’s to civilizations!

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Neolithic Sites: Bonfire Shelter & Eagle Caves

Introduction to eagle caves, bonfire shelter and pecos canyon

Bonfire Shelter
Bonfire shelter tour 778

11700 years ago 60 3000lb buffalo were smashed here
Partially enclosed entrance before human occupation a huge portion of canyons cliff-face collapsed
1st major excavation was 63 and 64′
its a semi-circular cave vault with buffalo smashing ground on other side
Excavations here were deeper than previously accepted ones (6m)
bones around limestone anvil or butchers block
10,000 BC charcoil and fireplace hearths
burned montell dart points
basketry and sandal fragments from zone 3
Bison horn
typical late archaic castroville and montell points
crude biface and flake scrapers
Large rockshelter hidden behind massive roof fall and desecrated bison skeletons
Eagle cave trim 778
Bonfireshelter & eagle caves bathing pool 1004

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Copernicus defeated Aristotle’s view when he showed the earth rotated sun in 1543.

Copernicuses discovery led to 100s of years of global confusion.

Like Copernicuses discovery of a round earth in 1543. It could be viewed social media, internet, electronics and other distractions are vindicators of another 100 something years of lifelessness and null.

Extreme weather continues to increase, and life expectancy drop. Neolithic architecture (when humans learned the domestication of animals, and agriculture); pest control, chimney cleaning, and log cabin building are increasingly relevant.

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