Neolithic Architecture: Skara Brae

On the largest island, of Orkneys, in Scotland, are 10 homes, made of earth dammed flagstone.
Included are stone hearths, beds, and cupboards. Because of the preservation of earth dammed flagstone, It is still one of Europes most complete Neolithic villages. They even had stone sewers that took water to and from the ocean.


Discovery:
Causing damage and over 200 known deaths, in 1850 a storm uncovered Skara Brae. Owners of the property discovered four houses but abandoned the project 18 years later. Eventually the site was raided, in 1913 by a group who took away unknown artifacts. In 1924, a storm swept away one of the houses, and it was decided in 1927, that the University of Edinburghs must properly investigate this site.


The houses were basically pit houses (sunk into mounds), with protection from rain. They were about 430 square feet, with stone hearths for heating and cooking. Given there remote location, it was not known what they burned (seaweed, driftwood, waste, peat, cattle, sheep, fishbones, everything?) Though comfy, it would have been hard to have more than 50 people there.


In 1972, the university determined the site was occupied from around 3200 BC to 2500 BC, they unearthed grains, ivory pins, killer whale teeth, walrus ivory, carving, body paints, neolithic weavings and more. There have been all kinds of theories about the people there.
Historical environment Scotlands, “Statement of Significance” for the site sums it up well and is:
The monuments at the heart of Neolithic Orkney and Skara Brae proclaim the triumphs of the human spirit in early ages and isolated places. They were approximately contemporary with the mastabas of the archaic period of Egypt (first and second dynasties), the brick temples of Sumeria, and the first cities of the Harappa culture in India, and a century or two earlier than the Golden Age of China. Unusually fine for their early date, and with a remarkably rich survival of evidence, these sites stand as a visible symbol of the achievements of early peoples away from the traditional centres of Civilizations.

Including in theories of who lived at Skara Brae, are popular theories of magicians, and a low wizards road to additional sites in southern England. Here’s to civilizations!

Strangers in new land (2016)

Folsom, NM
Blackwater draw, NM
Lehner, Murray springs, and Naco, AZ
Shoop, Penns.
Kimmswick bone bed, MI
Bonfire shelter, TX
Central Alaska (broken mammoth, dry creek, swan point, and walker rd.) Alaska
Elfin de mundo, Mexico

Old Crow
Calico mtn, Cali
Pendejo cave, NM
Tule springs, NV
Pedra Furada, Piavi, Brazil

Meadowcraft rockshelter, Penns.
Monte Verde, Llanquihue, Chilie
Cactus hill, Virginia
Paisley 5 made pt caves, Oregon
Schaefer & heblor mammoth, Wisconsin
Buttermilk creek, Texas (D Freilkin and Gault)

Topper, SC
Saltville, VI.
Taima-taima, Venezuela & Tibia, Columbia
Bluefish caves, Yukon
(24)

Neolithic Sites: Bonfire Shelter

Bonfire Shelter
Ariel photograph of canyon
Partially enclosed entrance before human occupation a huge portion of canyons cliff-face collapsed
1st major excavation was 63 and 64′
its a semi-circular cave vault with buffalo smashing ground on other side
Excavations here were deeper than previously accepted ones (6m)
Student points at section of the three principal stratigraphic deposits about 12000-1000bc
bones around limestone anvil or butchers block
10,000 BC charcoil and fireplace hearths
burned montell dart points
basketry and sandal fragments from zone 3
Bison horn
typical late archaic castroville and montell points
crude biface and flake scrapers
Large rockshelter hidden behind massive roof fall and desecrated bison skeletons

Copernicus defeated Aristotle’s view when he showed the earth rotated sun in 1543.

Copernicuses discovery led to around 100 years (or more) of global confusion, lifelessness and null.
This is comparable to the computers, the internet and other supposed time saving precedents.

Many computers, electronic products and there software cause motion sickness, nausea, and/or headaches and have changed the way we talk. Why do so little talk about it, and how it changes our methods of communication? Offer to check why and be more proactive, and prevent screen time and overuse illness.
Paper, chalk boards, pens; musical instruments; reading, writing; home phones, and pre-eminant communication methods deserve better representation. Like the Neolithic Arch. Some have lasted more than 10,000 years.

Outside of jobs, what are better long term positive co-relations of newer electronic and software subsidiaries.
Are we better off, or are our brains being hardwired differently?

Like Copernicuses discovery of a round earth in 1543. It could be viewed that internet, social media, electronics and other time saving precedents are vindicators of another 100-300 year of confusion, lifelessness and null.

Critter Get Ritter, and, Neolithic Architecture are here to help.
Find a few minutes and phone, or an hour or two and come out to see us. We’re timeless and you know you’ll be impressed.