8 general characteristics of the neolithic revolution:

  1. Possible beginnings: The influx of the Tigris and Euphrates allowed ranching and agriculture. According to Gordon Childe, the “Fertile Crescent”, is evidence of one, or one of the main starting point of agriculture and ranching. It covers the Egyptian area from the Nile Valley (Africa) to Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (Asia) between the periods of 10,000 and 8,000 bc.
  2. Agriculture:    The cultivation of cereals gained relevance, especially rye, wheat and barley. It is believed, however, that they were not the first species to be cultivated. Legumes date to more ancient cultivations and also some fruit trees from Asia. The use of ferments and yeasts, responsible for making bread and dairy products and, consequently, alcoholic beverages also became popular.

  1. Ranching: The first animal to enter the human habitat was the dog. The pig occupied a leading place in livestock. And the neolithic domestication of sheep, cattle and goats constituted a fundamental pillar in the production of what you see today. In Central Asia, even the domestication of horses occurred. Poultry and birds were domesticated, and there is information on insects, for example, as beekeeping, sericulture, and fishing bait.
  2. Invention of textiles: While being pre-supported by knowledge of animal cultivation, archeologists discovered many garments made from linen and wool. It is in this period when looms were created, and the first tools were used to weave and sew.

  1. Flint knapping and tool making:    This is the name given to the reduction of lithic elements (stone work). Which allowed greater strength and standardized production methods to create more tools. For example, arrowheads, spears, knives, fishing hooks, axes, cutting and grinding stones, etc
  2. Creation of ceramics: During the Neolithic revolution, pottery became widely used.

  1. A special relationship with the land began: The cycle of life and death, fertility; including animistics, religion, and writing started and was developed during the neolithic age.
  2. Emergence of private property: The work of farmers requires a lot of effort and time. It makes sense the premises during these times, began private properties protection.